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Listed by date of publication

Associations of Cognitive Function Scores with Carbon Dioxide, Ventilation, and Volatile Organic Compound Exposures in Office Workers: A Controlled Exposure Study of Green and Conventional Office Environments (June 1, 2016) Authored by Joseph G. Allen,1 Piers MacNaughton,1 Usha Satish,2 Suresh Santanam,3 Jose Vallarino,1 and John D. Spengler

High indoor CO2 concentrations in an office environment increases the transcutaneous CO2 level and sleepiness during cognitive work. (August, 14, 2015)  Published online: 06 Jan 2016

Effects of Classroom Ventilation Rate and Temperature on Students’ Test Scores (August 2015) Authored by Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy, Richard J. Shaughnessy

Is CO2 an Indoor Pollutant? Direct Effects of Low-to-Moderate CO2 Concentrations on Human Decision-Making Performance (December 1, 2012) Authored by Usha Satish,1 Mark J. Mendell,2 Krishnamurthy Shekhar,1 Toshifumi Hotchi,2 Douglas Sullivan,2 Siegfried Streufert,1 and William J. Fisk2

Wireless indoor environmental quality (IEQ) monitoring in classrooms and laboratories (VOC’s, CO, CO2, and T). (Aug. 22, 2012) American Chemical Society meeting, Philadelphia.

Air pollution and detrimental effects on children’s brain. The need for a multidisciplinary approach to the issue complexity and challenges (Aug. 12, 2012) Authored by Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas,1 Ricardo Torres-Jardón,2 Randy J. Kulesza,3 Su-Bin Park,4 and Amedeo D’Angiulli.

Ventilation rates in schools and pupils’ performance. (February 2012) Building and Environment, Volume 48: Pages 215–223. Authored by Zs. Bakó-Biró, D.J. Clements-Croome, N. Kochhar, H.B. Awbi, and M.J. Williams

Ventilation rates and health: multidisciplinary review of the scientific literature. (June 2011) Indoor Air, Volume 21 (Issue 3): Pages 191-204.

A preliminary study on the association between ventilation rates in classrooms and student performance. (December 2006) Indoor Air, Volume 16 (Issure 6): Pages 465-468.

Associations between classroom CO2 concentrations and student attendance in Washington and Idaho (October 2004) Indoor Air, Volume 14 (Issue 5): Pages 333-341. Authored by D. G. Shendell, R. Prill, W. J. Fisk, M. G. Apte, D. Blake, and D. Faulkner

Associations between indoor CO2 concentrations and sick building syndrome symptoms in U.S. Office buildings: An analysis of the 1994-1996 BASE study data. (December 2000) Indoor Air, Volume 10 (Issue 4): Pages 246-247. Authored by M. Apte, W. Fisk, and J. Daisey.

Association of ventilation rates and CO2 concentrations with health and other responses in commercial and institutional buildings. (December 1999) Indoor Air, Volume 9 (Issue 4): Pages 226-252. Authored by O. Seppänen, W.J. Fisk, and M.J. Mendell.

Indoor Environment in Schools—Pupils’ Health and Performance (1996) Indoor Air, Volume 4: Pages 369–371. The Seventh International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Authored by A.N. Myhrvold, E.Olsen, and O. Lauridsen.

Associations Between Classroom CO2 Concentrations and Student Attendance in Washington and Idaho (October 14, 2004) Indoor Air, Volume 14 (Issue ?): Pages 333-341. Authored by D. Shendell, R. Prill, W. Fisk, M. Apte, D. Blake, and D. Faulkner

Ventilation Rates and Absences in Offices and Schools (April 29, 2018) Berkeley Lab, Indoor Air Quality Scientific Findings Resource Bank

Ventilation Rates and School Performance (April 29, 2018) Berkeley Lab, Indoor Air Quality Scientific Findings Resource Bank

Ventilation Rates and Office Work Performance (April 29, 2018) Berkeley Lab, Indoor Air Quality Scientific Findings Resource Bank

Ventilation with Outdoor Air (April 29, 2018) Berkeley Lab, Indoor Air Quality Scientific Findings Resource Bank

Ventilation and School Performance (April 29, 2018) Berkeley Lab, Indoor Air Quality Scientific Findings Resource Bank

ASHRAE Position Document on Indoor Air Quality (July 1, 2020) Approved by ASHRAE Board of Directors




How Healthy Schools Save Money

Ambient Concentrations of Metabolic Disrupting Chemicals and Children’s Academic Achievement in El Paso, Texas (September 1, 2016) International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Authored by Stephanie E. Clark-Reyna, Sara E. Grineski, and  Timothy W. Collins

Health and indoor environmental quality in Finnish elementary schools and its effects on students health and learning. (January 2012) British Journal of Educational Research

Air Pollution Around Schools Is Linked To Poorer Student Health And Academic Performance (May 20, 2011)

EPA Healthy Schools, Healthy Kids

Are Schools Making Kids Sick?

Study: Classroom Ventilation Affects Student Performance

  • “The research suggests a correlation between stagnant air and students’ academic achievement within the range of 0.9 to 7.1 l/s per person. The study showed that for every unit (1 l/s per person) increase in the ventilation rate, the proportion of students passing standardized math test (i.e., scoring satisfactory or above) is expected to increase by 2.9 percent, and the proportion of students passing the standardized reading test is expected to increase by 2.7 percent.

VIDEO: The Impact of Green Buildings on Cognitive Function.

Right under our noses – A simple solution for improving student success
that will work in many low performing North Carolina schools. (Feburary 3, 2020) Authored by Francis P. Koster, Ed. D.